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Derivation of an oral reference dose (RfD) for the plasticizer, di-(2-propylheptyl)phthalate (Palatinol? 10-P)

DOI: 10.1016/j.yrtph.2014.06.002
Title: Derivation of an oral reference dose (RfD) for the plasticizer, di-(2-propylheptyl)phthalate (Palatinol? 10-P)
Journal Title: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology
Volume: 70
Issue: 1
Publication Date: October 2014
Start Page: 65
End Page: 74
Published online: online 9 June 2014
ISSN: 0273-2300
  • NSF International, 789 N. Dixboro Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48105, USA
  • Abstract: opylheptyl) phthalate (DPHP) is a high molecular weight polyvinyl chloride plasticizer. Since increasing production volume and broad utility may result in human exposure, an oral reference dose (RfD) was derived from laboratory animal data due to the lack of human data. In addition to liver and kidney, target organs were the thyroid, pituitary and adrenal glands in rats, recognizing that reproductive performance was not altered in two successive generations of DPHP-exposed rats. DPHP caused a reduction in pup and maternal body weights but not developmental or testicular effects typical of “phthalate syndrome.” DPHP was not genotoxic. Due to the lack of carcinogenicity data, there is inadequate information to assess carcinogenic potential. The RfD of 0.1 mg/kg-day was derived from the human equivalent BMDL10 of 10 mg/kg-day for thyroid hypertrophy/hyperplasia in male F1 adults from the two-generation study. While in utero exposure did not alter sensitivity to thyroid lesions compared to subchronic exposures beginning at 6 weeks of age, F1 adult males were the longest-term exposed population. The total uncertainty factor of 100x was comprised of intraspecies (10x), study duration (3x), and database (3x) factors but not an interspecies factor since rodents are more sensitive than humans to thyroid gland effects.
    Received: 4 April 2014
    Keywords: Di-(2-propylheptyl)phthalate; Palatinol® 10-P; DPHP; Phthalate; Plasticizer; Reference dose; Benchmark dose
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